Mexico City is the capital of Mexico. Mexico City is the country’s largest city as well as the most important political, cultural, educational and financial center.
Mexico City is populated with 21.2 million people, making it the largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration, and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.
Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Amerindians (Native Americans), the other being Quito. The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards.
Mexico City is a fascinating capital that beguiles its visitors with endless options. One of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, with 16 boroughs and more than 300 neighborhoods, it might seem a bit overwhelming to the first-time visitor, though it doesn’t have to be.
Many of the most visited tourist attractions in Mexico City are concentrated in the historic center, including the Plaza de la Constitucion or Zocalo, the National Palace, Metropolitan Cathedral, Templo Mayor, Palace of Fine Arts and Alameda Park. A few blocks north of the Palace of Fine Arts, Plaza Garibaldi is one of the best places in Mexico City to hear the live mariachi music.
Located west of the historic center, the Plaza de la Republica is home to the newly refurbished Revolution Monument and National Museum.
- Chapultepec Park – the largest in Mexico City, is divided into three sections and home to several of capital’s top tourist attractions, including Chapultepec Castle, the Modern Art Museum and the National Museum of Anthropology. Keep in mind that, with a few exceptions, most museums and archaeological sites in Mexico City are closed on “Mondays”.
- You’ll also want to explore the neighborhoods of Zona Rosa, Roma, Condesa, Coyoacan and San Angel.
- Home to lovely parks, plazas, shops, markets, cafes, and some of the top tourist attractions in Mexico City, these artsy neighborhoods are especially popular among visitors to the city and foreign residents.
- Nearby, in the trendy posh neighborhood of Polanco, you’ll find some of Mexico City’s top nightspots and chic restaurants.
- History buffs will find the best remaining examples of ancient Aztec city planning in the southern Xochimilco borough of Mexico City and north of the city at the Teotihuacán archaeological site. In Xochimilco, you can hire a colorful Trajinera (wooden boat) to tour the canals and gardens.
- Matacanes – one of the best places to do canyoning in the world.
- Baja Wine Country houses one of the best wineries and restaurants.
- Hiervelagua – one of those bizarre places and it’s one of the most original sites in the world. Hiervelagua is a weird waterfall without water! Strange? Well, for 1000 of years, minerals have taken the shape of a rock formation that looks like hanging stalactites on the hill. At the peak of this solidified waterfall, there lies a small spring filling a natural never-ending pool with a spectacular view of the mountains.
- Zacatecas – a colonial city jam-packed with museums, restaurants, cafés and real Mexican vibe.
- San Carlos – one of the popular beaches in Mexico.
- El Cielo – protected by UNESCO, is a famous biosphere reserve which is worth visiting.
- Tolantongo – an eco-touristic park settled in the middle of the cliffs of the dry highlands in Hidalgo state. The stunning pools of it receive the water directly from the mountain and offer a picturesque view of the hills all-covered by cacti.
- Firefly Sanctuary – one of those unknown places in Mexico also called the monarch butterflies sanctuary in Michoacán is now world famous. There’s place here named, Nanacamilpa (Tlaxcala) where the forest shines at night under the firefly light! In fact, from June to August, the forest is covered by millions of these bugs creating a dreamlike backdrop.
- Michoacan Coast – one of those places which are filled with serene, rustic, and wild beaches, but be aware of the safety here.
- Guadalajara – Mexico’s second largest city which lives in the shadow of the capital. This is the home and birthplace of tequila and mariachi.
- Monterrey – Technically known as the Industrial city. The town is amid epic mountains. It’s actually a great choice for eco-tourism. Enjoy hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, and much more here, all within reach of the city.
- Huatulco – The place houses nine bays and 36 beaches and multiple of them are ecological conserves where development is restricted. Famous for serenity, it’s popular as the solo resort area in Mexico that has won a Green Globe award.
- Palenque – Situated in the state of Chiapas – one of the best places to visit in Mexico. The Mayan ruins are found at Palenque. The place is surrounded by lush forest and is far away from the city. As an add-on to discovering the remnants, you’ve also got the option of multiple waterfalls and caves in the vicinity to check out.
- Chichén Itzá – It’s one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It’s is definitely listed in the top places to visit in Mexico.
- Oaxaca City – Popular as the beautiful colonial city and it surely gathers its spot in the list of top places to visit in Mexico. Some of the best cuisines are offered here.